What is the development of solar cells in the world and China?
- What is the development of solar cells in the world?
When the world’s non-renewable energy sources such as electricity, coal, and oil are frequently urgently needed, the energy issue has increasingly become a bottleneck restricting the development of the international society and economy. In order to realize the sustainable development of energy and environment, all countries in the world have made solar power generation the focus of development. More and more countries have begun to implement the “Sunshine Plan” to develop solar energy resources and seek new impetus for economic development. Some high-level nuclear research institutions in Europe have also begun to turn to renewable energy. Driven by the huge potential of the international photovoltaic market, solar cell manufacturing industries in various countries are vying to invest heavily in expanding production to compete for a place.
At present, the global solar cell market is highly competitive, and the leading pattern in Europe and Japan has been broken. Although the main sales market is in Europe, the production center of solar cells has moved to Asia. In 2011, driven by the photovoltaic market, global solar cell production continued to grow, reaching 29.5GW/a.
- What is the development of solar cells in China?
In 1958, China began to develop solar cells. It was successfully used on the second artificial satellite launched by China in March 1971.
In 1979, China began to use waste silicon materials from the semiconductor industry to produce monocrystalline silicon solar photovoltaic cells.
In recent years, under the strong pull of the world photovoltaic market, China’s solar photovoltaic cell manufacturing industry has achieved considerable development through introduction, digestion, absorption and re-innovation. After 1984, China began to vigorously develop solar photovoltaic cells. Entering the 21st century, China’s solar photovoltaic cells have begun to enter a period of industrial development. After that, China’s solar photovoltaic cell manufacturing industry has sprung up like bamboo shoots after a rain. By 2006, China’s solar cell module output accounted for more than 1/3 of the world’s total output, making China one of the world’s most important photovoltaic industrial bases.
In recent years, China’s solar photovoltaic cell manufacturing industry has benefited from the state’s policy and financial support for new energy industries such as solar energy. Therefore, the scale of the industry has continued to expand and the output has continued to rise. According to statistics, as of the end of 2010, China has put into production more than 150 battery module companies, and the total battery module production capacity will exceed 22,000MW. This is an increase of nearly 2 times compared with the installed capacity of modules nationwide (approximately 6,500MW) as of 2009. many.
At present, China’s output of solar photovoltaic panels and modules accounts for about half of the world’s total output, ranking first in the world.
The United States, which produced 40% of the world’s solar panels as early as 1995, only accounted for 7% of the world’s total output in 2010. By 2011, among the world’s top 10 solar cell manufacturers, 6 are Zhongmen Chinese companies.